Minding the Borderlands

Mark Koester (@markwkoester) on the art of travel and technology

Flossing Daily or How to Build a Life Habit

Floss. A plastic box of string, unused yet lingering in the bathroom since you last visit to the dentist. Its mint-tinted flavor is an artifact of our human health progress. Floss, its presence a guilty reminder that you should floss. Your dentist says. The internet says. Your mom says.

But you don’t. You don’t floss.

Most people don’t floss regularly. According to an oral health survey by the American Dental Association, “Only four of 10 Americans floss at least once a day, and 20 percent never floss.”

We also lie about our flossing habits. In a report from NPR, nearly one out of four “lie to their dentists about how often they floss their teeth.”

So you don’t floss and maybe you even lie about it from time to time. I’ve been there.

While I’m a goal-driven and productive dude, I too have struggled on multiple attempts to floss regularly. About three months ago, “floss daily” came up in my list of positive habits I should work on. I once again decided to build this habit into my routine. Fortunately three months later I can claim to have successfully incorporated flossing into my daily routine. According to my records, I’ve flossed daily for 90+ days.

There were three basic techniques I used to start and continue flossing regularly: 1. habit chunking, i.e. the process of combining new activities onto existing habits, 2. activity tracking wherein I track if I did the thing I’ve set out to do, and finally, 3. enjoy and experience the moment. Along with a couple of interesting tweaks, I become a daily flosser.

Here is how I did and what I’ve learned about flossing and daily habits. Here’s how you can learn to floss daily (or build any habit for that matter).

2000 Books Reading Challenge

Some goals take special skills or training. A few you can do right now. Other challenges merely take time or planning. This is a basic categorization of all goals: it takes special skills/training, it takes planning, or I can do it right now.

Read 2000 books. I want to read 2000 books in my lifetime. This is a goal that takes time and dedication. You have to read regularly, but beyond the time commitment, there is not much else required.

Many of most successful people like Warren Buffet dedicate significant amounts of time to reading. Personally, I find reading to be incredibly meaningful. I get a chance to gain knowledge and discover stories. I believe extensive reading is a meaningful human goal.

In this post, I will talk about why and how I am going to reach my lifetime reading goal of 2000 books as well as some of the great pieces of literature and knowledge I want to touch.

Once you have the number of books, this challenge provides a framework for filling in the pieces of what I want to achieve. Which books will I read? Who will I read about? Which languages? What time periods or scientific subjects? What classic literature do I want read or re-read?

Metrics for Rating China’s Startup Community

It’s difficult to summarize the state of startups in China. There is media about China’s startup amazing-ness. Yet it’s not easy to see it as a whole.

China is pumped up for its potential “threat” to Silicon Valley or it’s degraded for its corruption and weakness. Both typical observations for people new to the China’s Startup Scene.

There are a lot of stories and little reliable data. “Startup Powerhouse” China was absent from Compass’s 2015 Global Startup Ecosystem Ranking which is notable considering its importance both regionally in Asia-Pacific and globally.

I’d like to provide some context and metrics for a conversation about China’s startup community and startup scene.

Let’s get things in context before looking at China’s place in perspective.

My Tools of Productive Awesome-ness

So, you want to be a badass ninja of productivity, right?

Here are the productivity tools I use regularly in pursuit of this goal. I’ve sharpened them like a samurai sword and continue to train my usage like a kong-fu master. If you want to become more productive, I highly recommend you try some of them out.

In this post, I’ll share my favorite tools and how I use them. Ultimately like any exercise in mind or body, it’s up to you to try them out, put in the world and make yourself into a ninja of productive awesome-ness.

Sitting Cross-Legged on the Floor: A Personal Health Experiment

When my grandpa was around 80 years old, he went into have a physical checkup. He had lived a long and productive life as a farmer in Western Nebraska. He was a physical man. Everyday he awoke early to tend his crops and herds. Even at that age, he still harvested several fields on his own.

After going through a few tests, the doctor asked him to stand up and try to touch his toes. With a bit of a grunt he stood up, bent forward and touched his toes. His body of over eight decades was still flexible enough to touch his toes without a hesitation or second thought.

My body isn’t half way to my grandpa’s age, and yet I can’t touch my toes.

Admittedly, I’ve never been very flexible. In my early teens, I recall pained struggles reaching to touch my toes and accepting failure as I touched towards my shins.

As a kid and even today, I can’t sit cross-legged comfortably on the floor.

Humans have been sitting on the ground in various postures for thousands of years. And yet in the last century or so, we’ve lost many of our capabilities. We sit in chairs, couches or beds. We take cars or other modes of transportation. We are no longer endowed with able bodies.

Over the past several months, I’ve been building my body. I’ve been exploring various exercises in order to better understand and reconstruct a capable body. I’m not aiming to win any Olympic Golds nor break any records. I merely want to be capable of running, jumping, lifting and pushing.

Through running and bodyweight training, I’ve come to realize that the body (and the mind!) can be trained to be bigger, better and faster.

For example, a couple months ago I could barely run for a few minutes without pained breathing. Now, through persistence and practice, I can run for a couple miles nonstop. Good habits and persistence go far.

So, I decided that a typical, healthy, human (myself included!) should be able to sit comfortably on the ground. Our ancestors had been doing it for ages. So should I.

The GTD Way: Managing Your Tasks and Information With Evernote

“Busyness” should not be an excuse for why you don’t get things done.

The logic goes: We are busy, so we suck.

Remove “busy” from your vocabulary of excuses. We are all busy. Presidents, CEOs and exceptional people all have busier lives than you do. These overachievers can manage many projects, habits, family commitments with dexterity and without worry.

Busy is the norm. We all have too many emails, texts, chats, social updates, too much information to learn, study, read, and, of course, too much to do. Some people can handle it and thrive in the age of “too much.” Others drown.

We can improve at completing our most important projects and responsibilities. We only need the right mindset and right systems to handle all of life’s information and tasks.

How do busy people handle everything? Everyone I meet who handles “too much” well tell me the same thing: “I have a system” or “I handle my tasks with [fill in the blank].” Productive people depend on systems and well-defined processes.

Whatever your system is, you need a way to capture what you are doing, prioritize where to put your time and energy, and then DO it.

Effective task and information management is the cornerstone of productive work and life. Once you got the information and tasks in an external, out-of-your-brain system, you work.

There are a lot of articles, books, and systems on productivity. I’ve read lots of them. The one book and process I return to and use is “Getting Things Done” by David Allen.

“Getting Things Done” (GTD) proposes principles and steps to handling information overload. We can all information and tasks we encounter and make them manageable and actionable. GTD has a lot of proponents, though how you use and incorporate is up to you.

There is no lack of tools out there for handling our information, tasks and projects. I’ve tried lots of them like Asana, Wunderlist, TODOist, OmniFocus and many others. I recently started using Habitica which has a unique social gamification twist on managing habits and tasks with a group.

These tools are great, but my primary tool for handling information and tasks remains Evernote. Evernote is old and is like a swiss army knife for capturing and handling digital information.

For me I have combined GTD with Evernote. It’s my philosophy of productivity with a method of handling all the inputs. I use Evernote as my primary task and project management tool with the principles of Getting Things Done.

In this post, I want to share what is “GTD” and Evernote. I’ll then dig into how I use Evernote to manage my tasks, projects and information. This overall system has been huge in helping me.

What We Know (and Need to Know) About Happiness

Happiness matters. If we aren’t “happy,” then very little else truly has meaning. If we don’t aim at happy societies, then what’s the point of everything else?

For the past month, I’ve been reading, watching, and reflecting on happiness. I’ve been tracking my happiness and trying to measure what makes me happy.

Ultimately this turns on the classic question: What constitutes a happy life?

Philosophers, social scientists, psychologists and many others have been pondering this question for ages. From classic treatises to the latest self-help books, there is no shortage of opinions on happiness. But now we can point to a lot of data to backup what is happiness.

Let’s start with what we know, before sharing my personal takeaways.

Time to Run: A Beginner’s Journey Training to Run 5K

I manage to run a 5K. About 3.1 miles. While it was a physical challenge and well beyond my initial capacity, it was by no means an exhausting one. It took me two months of training. It was more a mental and organizational challenge rather than some quest of willpower.

I research it, set the parameters and followed a plan. Over 2 months, I did 23 training sessions that culminated in 35 minutes straight of running.

Here’s the story of why and how I started training to run a 5K. I’m a total beginner. The journey towards this goals has been a rewarding one I want to share.

The Power of the Weekly Review: Why and How You Should Do Yours

I have been doing Weekly Reviews since May 2013. I have now done around 150 total in some form. This act has been one of the most beneficial things I’ve done to improve how I live. Each week I have a record where I check-in and gaze forward.

A “Weekly Review” is a set period each week where you take a look at the past week and scan towards the week to come. You examine your weekly accomplishments, record your analysis in writing, and visualize a plan for the week to come. It’s simple but powerful.

The core benefit of a Weekly Review is closure and thinking forward. First, you clear out your mental garbage and whatever else is lingering from the previous 7 days. You celebrate a few accomplishments. You recognize where things doing go well. You tell the story of your week. Second, now that you have some closure, you think about the future. You prepare for the week to come by visualizing what you want your next week to be.

Everyone will have different elements they want to include in their weekly review. My weekly review has evolved over the years. It went from focused on time analysis and goal track to a more holistic approach.

How you do yours will depend on you and your current needs. You need to make it a habit, and you should be flexible as you adapt your weekly review to your situation.

In this post, I’ll take a look at what is a Weekly Review, how to do yours, some of its benefits and provide my Weekly Review template.

How I Tracked a Year in Time and What It Meant

I tracked 27% of my time last year. For over 50% of that, I recorded the actual task or project I was working on during that time. Overall, I have 2341 hours and 44 minutes of total time logs and 1305 hours and 1 minute of task-tracked time logs.

So, from this tracked time, what have I learned?

On a high level, I learned that it’s important to be aware of what you are doing in the moment. For me, to track my time is to be conscious of that time usage. Verbalizing the activity you are working is a powerful way to stay mentally on-task.

Time cannot be “saved” and reused later. Time does not wait. It unwinds. At the end of a year, we have all accumulated 8760 more hours in a life. Much it is passes without engagement or becoming present-in-the-moment.

In my case, after a year of time tracking, I became much more engaged in my time. I am task focused now; my time tracking requires it.

In the end, I can also go beyond this general statistic on a year of time. So, where did my time go in 2015?